Common eye diseases can go on for a long period of time before they cause any noticeable symptoms. Without adequate treatment, some of these eye diseases can result in vision problems and even loss of sight. It’s important to make an appointment with your eye doctor at the Eye Works Vision Center at least once every year to keep your eyes healthy.
Common Eye Diseases and Their Symptoms
Some of the most common eye diseases include:
- Cataracts – Results in a cloudy or opaque area along the clear lens of the eye. Cataracts can cause clouded, blurred or dimmed vision. You may experience difficulty seeing at night or even an increased sensitivity to light. Often times a person with cataracts requires a brighter light in order to read books or for other activities. Colors tend to fade in vibrancy and you may experience double vision in a single eye.
- Glaucoma – Progressive damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma can cause a hazy or blurred vision, rainbow-colored circles around lights, severe eye and head pain and even sudden sight loss.
- Macular Degeneration – Causes loss of central vision. Macular degeneration causes a whiteout in the center of your vision. It can also change your perception of color.
- Diabetic Retinopathy – Damage to the retina in individuals with diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy can causes floaters in your field of vision, blurred vision, an impairment of color vision and even vision loss.
- Dry Eye– Insufficient tears to keep the eye moist. A person with dry eye may experience a stinging, burning or scratchy sensation. Stringy mucus may be prominent around the eyes and you may experience sensitivity to light. Other common symptoms include eye redness, difficulty wearing contacts and difficulty driving at night.
Diagnosing Eye Diseases
Your optometrist will perform a wide variety of eye tests to help diagnose and treat your eye diseases. These tests may include:
- Applanation Tonometry - This eye disease management test measures the amount of pressure in the eye. It is commonly used to keep track of glaucoma.
- Corneal Topography - A computerized test that maps the curves of your cornea. This can show problems of the eye's surface, including scratches, swelling and conditions like astigmatism.
- Fluorescein Angiogram - Shows how well the blood moves through the retina. This test helps diagnose diabetic retinopathy.
- Dilated Pupillary Exam - Special drops are used to dilate the eyes to check for signs of disease.
- Refraction - This is commonly referred to as the eye chart test. This helps a doctor measure your vision for prescription glasses.
- Slit-Lamp Exam - Your optometrist uses a microscope to shine a beam of light in your pupil to detect eye disease.
Schedule An Appointment With EyeWorks Today!
If you live in the Lumberton or Benson area, contact Eye Works Vision Center to schedule an appointment for your next exam for eye diseases management.