Do you know the risks associated with glaucoma? It is one of the leading causes of blindness, learning the risk factors is important, glaucoma refers to not just one but several diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve fibers leading to irreversible vision loss. Hereditary factors are the leading causes. Protecting your vision through regular eye exams at Eyeworks in Lumberton and Benson, NC is the best way to keep your vision safe. Other risk factors include:
Hyperopias, or those with poor short-distance vision, have a higher risk than those who aren’t. The iris blocks outflow because of the narrow or smaller eyes and crowded space. A gonioscopy is a type of eye exam that can estimate the chances of developing glaucoma.
Eye Pressure and Race
Increased intraocular pressure is a factor in developing what is known as open-angle glaucoma. Latinos and African Americans are more likely than other races to develop open-angle glaucoma, with African Americans being the group more likely to develop glaucoma at an earlier age. Those who have East Asian or Inuit ancestry lines are at higher risks for angle-closure glaucoma.
Family History, diabetes, age, and sex are other factors to keep in mind. Gender and age are determining factors in whether or not glaucoma is in your genes and plays a role in the type of glaucoma that might present itself. After the age of forty, close-angle and open-angle glaucoma shoots up. Protective measures can be taken to protect the eyes from sunlight, like wearing hats or sunglasses may help reduce the chance of developing glaucoma.
When it comes to open-angle glaucoma, there are generally no symptoms, vision changes or early warning signs and can be slow to develop. This type of glaucoma is generally in the advanced stages by the time the patient notices vision loss. Getting regular eye exams is important in detection as preventative treatment is far better for managing glaucoma than reactionary medication. Signs of angle-closure glaucoma include:
- The appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights
- Hazy or blurred vision
- Severe eye and head pain
- Nausea or vomiting (accompanying severe eye pain)
- Sudden sight loss
The first sign that is usually noticed is the loss of peripheral vision. Symptoms that should be a warning sign of needing medical attention include:
- Seeing halos around lights
- Vision loss
- Redness in the eye
- Eye that looks hazy
- Eye pain
- Tunnel vision
Schedule an Appointment Today!
The one-on-one approach to optometry and eye care is why Eye Works excels in the Benson and Lumberton areas. For all your eye healthcare needs, call us today in Lumberton at 910-738-6464 and in Benson at 919-894-2001. We will always provide the top notch care you need for healthy eyes at both the Lumberton & Benson locations.